The Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (NEITI) says that the debt burden of the thirty six states of the federation has risen to over N3.342 Trillion as at 2016.
Lagos, Delta, Osun and Akwa Ibom topped the debt chart with a total debt profile of N1.262 trillion representing about 38% of debts owed by the 36 States of the Federation.
The break down shows that Lagos was indebted to the tune of N603.25 billion, Delta owes N331.95 billion, Osun and Akwa Ibom are indebted to the tune of N165.91 billion and N161.23 billion respectively, as at 2016.
This information was contained in the third edition of NEITI Quarterly Review, a researched publication of Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative which focused on Federal Accounts Allocation Committee (FAAC) disbursements in 2016.
The publication with facts and data from the National Bureau of Statistics, Office of the Accountant General of the Federation, FAAC and Debt Management Office, is consistent with the mandate of NEITI on monitoring of fiscal allocation and statutory disbursement of revenues due to the three tiers of government.
NEITI’s legitimate interest in the debt profiles, revenue generation and management in Nigeria is as a result of the fact that over 70% of the revenues involved are derived from the extractive industry.
From the NEITI Quarterly Review currently in circulation, states with high debt burden include Benue indebted to the tune of N49.15 billion; Edo N94.54 billion; Enugu N57.56 billion; Ekiti; N67.3 billion and Kano; N81.05 billion. The Publication further disclosed that Katsina was indebted to the tune of N30.03 billion while and Ogun owes N103.75 billion, as at 2016.
A table containing the total revenue, the internally generated revenues and debt profile of the 36 States of the federation is accompanied.
Table: Summary of FAAC Allocations, IGR, Total Revenue and Debt of State Governments (Jan. to Dec. 2016)
|States||Total FAAC Allocations Received (N billion)||Internally Generated Revenue (IGR) (N billion)||Total Revenue* (N billion)||Total Debt Burden** (N billion)|
Sources: Office of the Accountant-General of the Federation, National Bureau of Statistics, Debt Management Office, Budgit
Notes: * Total Revenue = Total FAAC Allocations Received + Internally Generated Revenue (IGR)
** Total Debt = Domestic Debt + External Debt. Domestic debt is as at December 31, 2015. External debt is as at June 30, 2016
The NEITI Quarterly review shows that Yobe and Anambra states have the least debt burden of N11.74 billion and N20.60 billion respectively as at the end of 2016.
The NEITI publication also expressed concern that the total indebtedness of N3.342 trillion by the 36 states represented 55.15 per cent of the 2016 budget of N6.06 trillion and 45.8 per cent of the 2017 budget estimates of about N7.3 trillion.
On Internally Generated Revenue (IGR), Lagos and Rivers states ranked highest with N301.2 billion and N82.1 billion generated by the respective States in 2016. Nassarawa State was the least in internal generated revenue with N2.09Billion.
This was followed by Ogun, Delta, Kano and Edo states with IGR records of N56.3 billion, N44.9 billion, N34.5 billion, N20.7 billion respectively.
The review noted that ratio of IGR to budget was very low in most states except Lagos state that recorded more than 45% of its 2016 budget from IGR.
The review also showed high dependence on revenue from federation account except Lagos and Ogun states that recorded higher IGR than FAAC allocations within the period under review.
The NEITI Quarterly Publication is designed to bring this information to the public domain with a view to promoting informed debate on strategic options to promoting efficient revenues management, improved internally generated revenues and lessen the dependence on oil, gas and mining revenues.